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Local DNS Server in CentOS 8

 ·  ☕ 2 min read  ·  🐨 Puliyo

Objective

Create Local DNS Server in CentOS 8 using dnsmasq so app can identify all subdomain of puliyo.lan which points to 127.0.0.1.

How To

1. Install dnsmasq

yum install dnsmasq

2. Modify /etc/dnsmasq.conf

Following is my /etc/dnsmasq.conf setting:

# don't forward to upstream queries for plain names
domain-needed
# don't forward to upstream private addresses
bogus-priv
# use upstream servers defined here
resolv-file=/etc/resolv.dnsmasq
user=dnsmasq
group=dnsmasq
# Will be used only in this machine. Should change to work in your env
listen-address=127.0.0.1
bind-interfaces
# don't use /etc/hosts
no-hosts
# how many names to cache
cache-size=150
conf-dir=/etc/dnsmasq.d,.rpmnew,.rpmsave,.rpmorig

Detailed explanation of each option can be found here

3. Create necessary files

Create conf file under /etc/dnsmasq.d/ to tell dnsmasq to resolve *.puliyo.lan as 127.0.0.1

# cat /etc/dnsmasq.d/puliyo.lan.conf
address=/puliyo.lan/127.0.0.1

/etc/resolv.dnsmasq which will be used by dnsmasq to contact upstream dns server if domain name cannot be resolved locally

cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.dnsmasq

4. Modify /etc/resolv.conf

Modify the /etc/resolv.conf file so it uses local dns server (dnsmasq)

# cat /etc/resolv.conf
nameserver 127.0.0.1

5. (Optional) Prevent NetworkManager overwriting /etc/resolv.conf

NetworkManager will overwrite /etc/resolv.conf whenever its service has restarts.

You can take either of following method to prevent this:

  • Add dns=none under [main] section in /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf

  • Add PEERDNS=no in your interface under /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/

  • Make resolve.conf immutable chattr +i /etc/resolv.conf

6. Start the server and test

Start the server

systemctl start dnsmasq

Test if the local domain and public domain returns correct IP

# dig +short hello.puliyo.lan
127.0.0.1
# dig +short puliyo.lan
127.0.0.1
# dig +short www.google.com
74.125.142.99
74.125.142.106
74.125.142.105
74.125.142.104
74.125.142.147
74.125.142.103
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